3 in 2009, and also the "Greenest City in America" by MSN. Central Austin lies between two major north–south freeways: Interstate 35 to the east and the Mopac Expressway (Loop 1) to the west. At a total project cost of $10 billion, the Project Connect system plan proposes 3 new light rail lines, 1 new commuter rail line, several new MetroRapid lines, more park-and-rides, more express bus routes, and improvements to the existing local bus system and fare technology.[302]. Conversely, winter months are also capable of occasionally producing warm days. In Summer 2018, Capital Metro began testing autonomous electric shuttles on Downtown streets. [177], Austin also has many odd statues and landmarks, such as the Stevie Ray Vaughan statue, the Willie Nelson statue, the Mangia dinosaur, the Loca Maria lady at Taco Xpress, the Hyde Park Gym's giant flexed arm, and Daniel Johnston's Hi, How are You? During the 2005–06 academic term, Longhorns football team was named the NCAA Division I FBS National Football Champion, and Longhorns baseball team won the College World Series. Austin has a large craft beer scene, with over 50 microbreweries in the metro area. The Austin Baroque Orchestra and La Follia Austin Baroque ensembles both give historically-informed performances of Baroque music. Much of the historic homes have been renovated into bars and restaurants, many of which feature large porches and outdoor yards for patrons. The resolution also included the approval of a new housing-focused shelter in South Austin. [237][238][239], In 2010, Andrew Joseph Stack III deliberately crashed his Piper Cherokee PA-28 into Echelon 1, a building in which the IRS, housing 190 employees was a lessee of. Hamilton Pool Preserve consists of 232 acres (0.94 km2) of protected natural habitat featuring a jade green pool into which a 50-foot (15 m) waterfall flows. In 1970, the U.S. Census Bureau reported Austin's population as 14.5% Hispanic, 11.9% black, and 73.4% non-Hispanic white. [15][16] The city also adopted "Silicon Hills" as a nickname in the 1990s due to a rapid influx of technology and development companies. Founded in 1899, the club moved to its third and present site in 1984, which features a challenging layout designed by noted course architect Pete Dye. A movie theater chain by the name of Alamo Drafthouse Cinema was founded in Austin in 1997; the South Lamar location of which is home to the annual week-long Fantastic Fest film festival. In addition, the much larger Mansfield Dam was built by the LCRA upstream of Austin to form Lake Travis, a flood-control reservoir. [174] In 2018, Time magazine named the Austin Central Library on its list of "World's Greatest Places."[175]. In addition, the state legislature established the Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA) that, along with the city of Austin, created the system of dams along the Colorado River to form the Highland Lakes. The bats migrate to Mexico each winter.[181]. Season 4 of the AMC show Fear the Walking Dead was filmed in various locations around Austin in 2018. On August 1, 1839, the first auction of 217 out of 306 lots total was held. [178], The Ann W. Richards Congress Avenue Bridge houses the world's largest urban population of Mexican free-tailed bats. [61], Austin is located at the intersection of four major ecological regions, and is consequently a temperate-to-hot green oasis with a highly variable climate having some characteristics of the desert, the tropics, and a wetter climate. [246] Steve Adler assumed the office of mayor on January 6, 2015. Judaism forms less than 0.1% of the religious demographic in Austin, although Orthodox, Reform, and Conservative congregations exist. The city grew throughout the 19th century and became a center for government and education with the construction of the Texas State Capitol and the University of Texas at Austin. A new southeast leg of Highway 45 has recently been completed, running from US 183 and the south end of Segment 5 of TX-130 south of Austin due west to I-35 at the FM 1327/Creedmoor exit between the south end of Austin and Buda. The per capita income for the city was $24,163. Austin is the capital city of the U.S. state of Texas, as well as the seat and largest city of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties. Texas's 35th congressional district is represented by Democrat Lloyd Doggett. Over time, the long-running television program Austin City Limits, its namesake Austin City Limits Festival, and the South by Southwest music festival solidified the city's place in the music industry. The pilot program tested two driverless bus models from EasyMile and Navya on a route from the Austin Convention Center to the Austin Central Library. In 1839, the Texas Congress formed a commission to seek a site for a new capital to be named for Stephen F. The Emma Long Metropolitan Park is a municipal park along the shores of Lake Austin, originally constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps.   The Federal government had forced San Antonio and Dallas to abandon at-large systems before 1987; however, the court could not show a racist pattern in Austin and upheld the city's at-large system during a 1984 lawsuit. "[149] Kolaches are a common pastry in Austin bakeries due to the large Czech and German immigrant population in Texas. Officially, Austin has a humid subtropical climate under the Köppen climate classification. The lakes also provide venues for boating, swimming, and other forms of recreation within several parks on the lake shores. The concentration of restaurants, bars, and music venues in the city's downtown core is a major contributor to Austin's live music scene, as the ZIP Code encompassing the downtown entertainment district hosts the most bar or alcohol-serving establishments in the U.S.[157]. Raw data sources: [23][failed verification], When settlers arrived from Europe, the Tonkawa tribe inhabited the area. Austin is the largest city in the United States to be served by only one Interstate Highway. [271], The distinguishing political movement of Austin politics has been that of the environmental movement, which spawned the parallel neighborhood movement, then the more recent conservationist movement (as typified by the Hill Country Conservancy),[272] and eventually the current ongoing debate about "sense of place" and preserving the Austin quality of life. Print. Honest, "It's Snowing in Austin. [275] In 2009, greater Austin ranked eighth among metropolitan areas in the United States for bachelor's degree attainment with nearly 39% of area residents over 25 holding a bachelor's degree. Dell's worldwide headquarters is located in the nearby suburb of Round Rock.