Likewise, on the western front, India claims Aksai Chin, the portion of Kashmir administered by China, as included in Ladakh of Jammu and Kashmir. LAC Border Face-Off took place between India & China on 15th June night, leading to death of Indian soldiers. On the Chinese side, the line traverses the Tibet Autonomous Region. The same kind of situation exists at the LOC where Pakistan army using POK regions to send terrorists in India. However, China remained unpersuaded by India’s rhetoric and has claimed that India’s revocation of Article 370 is not only illegal and invalid but also a threat to its own territorial sovereignty. between India and China. Is this the line they have created by aggression since the beginning of September? Now we hope that after reading this article, you must have understood what is the difference between LOC and LAC? [1] The term is said to have been used by Zhou Enlai in a 1959 letter to Jawaharlal Nehru. Some observers are viewing the talks with cautious optimism. LAC stands for Line of Actual Control. Zhou clarified the LAC again after the war in another letter to Nehru: “To put it concretely, in the eastern sector it coincides in the main with the so-called McMahon Line, and in the western and middle sectors it coincides in the main with the traditional customary line which has consistently been pointed out by China”. There are two common ways in which the term "Line of Actual Control" is used. There is no clear cut demarcation at the LAC that is why standoffs have taken place many times like; Doklam in 2017,Chumar in 2014, Depsang in 2013 and Sumdorong Chu in 1987. This was followed by multiple attempts of provocation by the Chinese side at the end of August. It denotes a kind of boundary separating parts of Indian UT i.e. Click here to join our channel (@indianexpress) and stay updated with the latest headlines. Both the nations suffered several casualties. However, there is no exchange of maps on western sector. RRB NTPC Exam 2020 : Check Application status here from 21st to 30th Sep, 2020. The countries’ shared LAC is at the heart of the current dispute. China has been continuously building up its military presence along the LAC by deploying its armed forces and artillery guns. Indian part (southern and eastern parts of the region) of LOC is known as Jammu and Kashmir which constitutes about 45 percent of Kashmir. During his visit to China in May 2015, PM Narendra Modi’s proposal to clarify the LAC was rejected by the Chinese. Prior to this, Indian and Chinese soldiers were fighting at the Line of Actual Control (LAC). We will continue our dialogue and communication through military and diplomatic channels and have also agreed to have another round of talks soon to achieve this objective," the MEA has said in a statement. Though the diplomatic talks appear promising, the past six months indicate that both countries may have to adjust their strategic approach along the LAC and embrace a status quo of vigilance. It is clearly demarcated by the militaries. As of now, the Indian and Chinese armies are in talks to address the issue of LAC and sort the differences over the border area in eastern Ladakh. In October, the U.S. and India signed a. empowering the sharing of sensitive satellite data. Line of Actual Control (LAC): Where it is located, and where India and China differ, "Line Of Actual Control: China And India Again Squabbling Over Disputed Himalayan Border", "Agreement On The Maintenance Of Peace Along The Line Of Actual Control In The India-China Border", "Agreement on the Maintenance of Peace and Tranquility along the Line of Actual Control in the India-China Border Areas", "Chinese Troops Had Dismantled Bunkers on Indian Side of LoAC in August 2011", "India Destroyed Bunkers in Chumar to Resolve Ladakh Row", "India: Army 'mistook planets for spy drones, China, India sign deal aimed at soothing Himalayan tension, Whiting, Chinese calculus of deterrence (1975), Hoffmann, India and the China Crisis (1990), Chinese Aggression in Maps: Ten maps, with an introduction and explanatory notes, "Galwan Valley clash with China shows that India has discarded the 'differing perceptions' theory", "What explains the India-China border flare-up?